History of Prehistory
 Geochronological timescale
 Hominin Species Names
 Site List

Cite any non-quoted material obtained here as follows:

Calvert, A., K. Flammer, A. Hayes, C. Ibarra, T. Lin, D. Lowen, M. Pevey,M. Thompson, S. Vivelo, B. Wheelis, & H. Gilbert. 2024. Species naming and current status of Homo neanderthalensis. Accessed from the Human Fossil Record Database at on July 14, 2024 .

 Homo neanderthalensis

 Homo sapiens neanderthalensis

Homo neanderthalensis would be assigned to Homo sapiens neanderthalensis using the alpha taxonomy

Original diagnosis:

Date of Publication:  1864
Authors: William King
Holotype: Neanderthal 1
Citation: King, 1864. the reputed fossil man of the Neanderthal. Quarterly Journal of Science. 1: 88-97
Sites that have fossils assigned to neanderthalensis

Gorhams Cave Mousterian ~ 0.0285 Ma
Zafarraya Cave I [3-7] ~ 0.0315 Ma
Vindija Cave G1 ~ 0.0325 Ma
Engis ~ 0.035 Ma
Spy ~ 0.036 Ma
Saint-Cesaire ~ 0.036 Ma
Feldhofer Cave ~ 0.04 Ma
Forbes Quarry ~ 0.04 Ma
Devil's Tower ~ 0.04 Ma
Okladnikov Cave ~ 0.0405 Ma
Lakonis ~ 0.041 Ma
El Sidron ~ 0.0436205 Ma
Les Rochers-de-Villeneuve ~ 0.04425 Ma
Tabun ~ 0.045 Ma
Kebara ~ 0.045 Ma
Banyolas or Banyoles ~ 0.045 Ma
Shanidar ~ 0.049 Ma
La Ferrassie ~ 0.05 Ma
Le Moustier ~ 0.05 Ma
La Chapelle-aux-saints ~ 0.05 Ma
La Quina ~ 0.05 Ma
La Naulette ~ 0.05 Ma
Monti Lessini ~ 0.05 Ma
Mezmaiskaya3d ~ 0.0525 Ma
Salzgitter Lebenstedt ~ 0.056 Ma
Amud ~ 0.06 Ma
Dederiyeh Cave ~ 0.0625 Ma
Zeeland Ridges ~ 0.0625 Ma
Teshik-Tash ~ 0.0675 Ma
Obi-Rakhmat Grotto ~ 0.07 Ma
Krapina ~ 0.08705 Ma
Moula Guecy ~ 0.106 Ma
Scladina ~ 0.11 Ma
Saccopastore ~ 0.115 Ma
Stajnia Cave ~ 0.1275 Ma
Biache-Saint-Vaast ~ 0.226 Ma
Ehringsdorf ~ 0.275 Ma
Altamura ~ 0.453 Ma

Database structure, interface design, and content ©2002-2024 Henry Gilbert

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Human Fossil Record by Henry Gilbert is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at

herc logo presents precise geographic locations and current best date estimates for late Miocene, Pliocene, and Pleistocene sites with human ancestor (hominin) fossils and archaeology. Several interactive visual interfaces allow users to generate maps and tables that relate localities, fossils, tools, and evolutioanry events with geography and time. The data content is dynamic and is updated daily, as are new interface features. This site started as a course syllabus for Anthropology 3101: Human Evolution 2 at California State University, East Bay, and grew with each quarter it was used. Now has over 200 sites and hundreds of bibliographic citations. Check back often for updates. human evolution database paleoanthropology biological anthropology database physical anthropology human origins coordinates site locations location latitude longitude age Pleistocene database Quaternary database Pliocene Holocene evolutionary history site database geochronology hominin hominidae hominid hominini acheulean oldowan middle stone age mousterian paleolithic late stone age neolithic hominin database hominin DB hominin darabase hominin dayabase hominin datavase hominid darabase hominid dayabase hominid datavase hominid database hominid fossil database human origins database hominin database hominin fossil database hominid skull human ancestor database fossil human ancestors best paleoanthropology site best paleoanthropology database best hominin database best hominid database hominin site database hominid site database coordinates map hominid site map hominin site map paleoanthropology site coordinates human evolution database human origins database fossil record database