History of Prehistory
 Geochronological timescale
 Hominin Species Names
 Site List

Cite any non-quoted material obtained here as follows:

Calvert, A., K. Flammer, A. Hayes, C. Ibarra, T. Lin, D. Lowen, M. Pevey,M. Thompson, S. Vivelo, B. Wheelis, & H. Gilbert. 2024. Species naming and current status of Homo sapiens idaltu. Accessed from the Human Fossil Record Database at on July 13, 2024 .

 Homo sapiens idaltu

Original diagnosis:

Date of Publication:  2003
Authors: Tim White, Berhane Asfaw, David Degusta, Henry Gilbert, Gary Richards, Gen Suwa, Clark Howell
Holotype: BOU-VP-16/1
Citation: White, Tim D., Asfaw, B., DeGusta, D., Gilbert, H., Richards, G.D., Suwa, G. and Howell, F.C. (2003). "Pleistocene Homo sapiens from Middle Awash, Ethiopia". Nature 423 (6491): 742–747. doi:10.1038/nature01669.
Sites that have fossils assigned to sapiens

Piltdown ~ 9.905E-5 Ma
Ordos ~ 0.000275 Ma
Wuyang Jiahu ~ 0.00605 Ma
Lukenya Hill GvJm-16; GvJm-22; GvJm-46 ~ 0.01775 Ma
Cro-Magnon ~ 0.0275 Ma
Mladec ~ 0.0285 Ma
Fontechevade ~ 0.033555 Ma
Grimaldi ~ 0.035 Ma
Mungo ~ 0.04 Ma
Peştera cu Oase or Pestera cu Oase ~ 0.04 Ma
Zhoukoudian Tianyuan ~ 0.0405 Ma
Laibin ~ 0.041 Ma
Baigara ~ 0.0432 Ma
Kanam ~ 0.05 Ma
Taramsan ~ 0.0505 Ma
Tam Pa Ling ~ 0.0545 Ma
Klasies River Mouth HP deposits ~ 0.0625 Ma
Huanglong Cave ~ 0.06625 Ma
Obi-Rakhmat Grotto ~ 0.07 Ma
Porc Epic ~ 0.07025 Ma
Blombos M2 level ~ 0.082 Ma
Qafzeh ~ 0.095 Ma
Adrar Bous ~ 0.1 Ma
Liujiang ~ 0.1035 Ma
Mulan Mountain ~ 0.1105 Ma
Border Cave ~ 0.1155 Ma
Skhul ~ 0.117 Ma
Haua Fteah ~ 0.12 Ma
Pinnacle Point ~ 0.142 Ma
Omo Kibish ~ 0.145 Ma
Singa ~ 0.1455 Ma
Middle Awash Herto Member ~ 0.157 Ma
Lake Eyasi ~ 0.244 Ma

Database structure, interface design, and content ©2002-2024 Henry Gilbert

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Human Fossil Record by Henry Gilbert is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at

herc logo presents precise geographic locations and current best date estimates for late Miocene, Pliocene, and Pleistocene sites with human ancestor (hominin) fossils and archaeology. Several interactive visual interfaces allow users to generate maps and tables that relate localities, fossils, tools, and evolutioanry events with geography and time. The data content is dynamic and is updated daily, as are new interface features. This site started as a course syllabus for Anthropology 3101: Human Evolution 2 at California State University, East Bay, and grew with each quarter it was used. Now has over 200 sites and hundreds of bibliographic citations. Check back often for updates. human evolution database paleoanthropology biological anthropology database physical anthropology human origins coordinates site locations location latitude longitude age Pleistocene database Quaternary database Pliocene Holocene evolutionary history site database geochronology hominin hominidae hominid hominini acheulean oldowan middle stone age mousterian paleolithic late stone age neolithic hominin database hominin DB hominin darabase hominin dayabase hominin datavase hominid darabase hominid dayabase hominid datavase hominid database hominid fossil database human origins database hominin database hominin fossil database hominid skull human ancestor database fossil human ancestors best paleoanthropology site best paleoanthropology database best hominin database best hominid database hominin site database hominid site database coordinates map hominid site map hominin site map paleoanthropology site coordinates human evolution database human origins database fossil record database