History of Prehistory
 Geochronological timescale
 Hominin Species Names
 Site List

Cite any non-quoted material obtained here as follows:

Calvert, A., K. Flammer, A. Hayes, C. Ibarra, T. Lin, D. Lowen, M. Pevey,M. Thompson, S. Vivelo, B. Wheelis, & H. Gilbert. 2024. Species naming and current status of Australopithecus garhi. Accessed from the Human Fossil Record Database at on July 14, 2024 .

 Australopithecus garhi

Original diagnosis:"Distinguished from A. afarensis by its absolutely larger postcanine dentition and an upper third premolar morphology with reduced mesiobuccal enamel line projection and less occlusal asymmetry. A. garhi lacks the suite of derived dental, facial, and cranial features shared by A. aethiopicus, A. robustus, and A. boisei. A. garhi is distinguished from A. africanus by its primitive frontal, facial, palatal and subnasal morphology."

Date of Publication:  1999
Authors: Berhane Asfaw, Tim White, Owen Lovejoy, Bruce Latimer, Scott Simpson, Gen Suwa
Holotype: BOU-VP-12/130
Citation: Asfaw, B., T. White, et al. 1999. Australopithecus garhi: A New Species of Early Hominid from Ethiopia. Science 284(5414): 629.
Notes: "Found in silty clays within 2 meters of the top of the Maoleem vitric tuff, dating to 2.496 Ma via Ar/Ar (argon/argon). Vertebrate fossils, including hominids, were found in same stratigraphic horizon (631). Additional specimens (BOU-VP-11/1, BOU-VP-12/1A-G) were found associated with catfish remains and medium sized bovid fossils with cut marks. The latter specimens foot phalanx is similar in size, length and curvature to A. afarensis (630) HOWEVER, at the date of publication, the aforementioned postcranial specimens have not been assigned to the new species A. ghari." Some authors suggest lumping H. rudolfensis and H. habilis with Australopithecus as this would not only reinforce the current 'traditional conservative definition' of what qualifies as pre-erectus Homo, but also provide "major adaptive breakthroughs in anatomy and behaviors that characterize H. erectus with the earliest defined occurrence of Homo"
Sites that have fossils assigned to garhi

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Human Fossil Record by Henry Gilbert is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
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herc logo presents precise geographic locations and current best date estimates for late Miocene, Pliocene, and Pleistocene sites with human ancestor (hominin) fossils and archaeology. Several interactive visual interfaces allow users to generate maps and tables that relate localities, fossils, tools, and evolutioanry events with geography and time. The data content is dynamic and is updated daily, as are new interface features. This site started as a course syllabus for Anthropology 3101: Human Evolution 2 at California State University, East Bay, and grew with each quarter it was used. Now has over 200 sites and hundreds of bibliographic citations. Check back often for updates. human evolution database paleoanthropology biological anthropology database physical anthropology human origins coordinates site locations location latitude longitude age Pleistocene database Quaternary database Pliocene Holocene evolutionary history site database geochronology hominin hominidae hominid hominini acheulean oldowan middle stone age mousterian paleolithic late stone age neolithic hominin database hominin DB hominin darabase hominin dayabase hominin datavase hominid darabase hominid dayabase hominid datavase hominid database hominid fossil database human origins database hominin database hominin fossil database hominid skull human ancestor database fossil human ancestors best paleoanthropology site best paleoanthropology database best hominin database best hominid database hominin site database hominid site database coordinates map hominid site map hominin site map paleoanthropology site coordinates human evolution database human origins database fossil record database