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Approximate age:120,000 years old=average of minimum (0.090 Ma) and maximum (0.15 Ma)

Date based on: TL, OSL, MSA artifacts See map of sites with similar ages

Dating reference: McBurney, C. B. M. (1961). Absolute age of Pleistocene and Holocene deposits in the Haua Fteah.
Martini, M., Sibilia, E., Zelaschi, C., Troja, S. O., Forzese, R., Caputa, C., et al. (1998). TL and OSL dating of fossil dune sand in the Uan Afuda and Uan Tabu sites (Tadrart Acacus, Libyan Sahara). Wadi Teshuinat. Palaeoenvironment and Prehistory in South-western Fezzan (Libya), CNR, Milano, 67-72.
Cremaschi, M., Di Lernia, S., & Garcea, E. A. A. (1998). Some insights on the Aterian in the Libyan Sahara: chronology, environment, and archaeology. African Archaeological Review, 15(4), 261-286.

Hominids: Homo sapiens  Homo rhodesiensis     

Archaeology:Middle Stone Age (MSA)/Mousterian  Late Stone Age (LSA)/Upper Paleolithic    

Important specimens: fragmentary mandibles of Homo rhodesiensis/ Homo sapiens idaltu. Transitional MSA/LSA industry.

Notes: Cave has long stratigraphic record, from MSA to Neolithic. This entry is for MSA levels. Holocene levels are outlined here: Hunt, C., Davison, J., Inglis, R., Farr, L., Reynolds, T., Simpson, D., et al. Site formation processes in caves: The Holocene sediments of the Haua Fteah, Cyrenaica, Libya. Journal of Archaeological Science. The date for the MSA is unknown, although it has been reported to be between 100 and 150 thousand years old (MckBurney et al., 1961). Some TL and OSL dates suggest the MSA levels are over 90,000 years old. It is here recorded at 90,000-150,000 years old.

Location: (Great Cave), Libya
Map location/coordinates reference: Moyer, C. (2003). The Organisation of Lithic Technology in the Middle and Early Upper Palaeolithic Industries at the Haua Fteah, Libya. Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, Corpus Christi.

Key references: presents precise geographic locations and current best date estimates for late Miocene, Pliocene, and Pleistocene sites with human ancestor (hominin) fossils and archaeology. Several interactive visual interfaces allow users to generate maps and tables that relate localities, fossils, tools, and evolutioanry events with geography and time. The data content is dynamic and is updated daily, as are new interface features. This site started as a course syllabus for Anthropology 3101: Human Evolution 2 at California State University, East Bay, and grew with each quarter it was used. Now has over 200 sites and hundreds of bibliographic citations. Check back often for updates. human evolution database paleoanthropology biological anthropology database physical anthropology human origins coordinates site locations location latitude longitude age Pleistocene database Quaternary database Pliocene Holocene evolutionary history site database geochronology hominin hominidae hominid hominini acheulean oldowan middle stone age mousterian paleolithic late stone age neolithic hominin database hominin DB hominin darabase hominin dayabase hominin datavase hominid darabase hominid dayabase hominid datavase hominid database hominid fossil database human origins database hominin database hominin fossil database hominid skull human ancestor database fossil human ancestors best paleoanthropology site best paleoanthropology database best hominin database best hominid database hominin site database hominid site database coordinates map hominid site map hominin site map paleoanthropology site coordinates human evolution database human origins database fossil record database