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Approximate age:1,075,000 years old=average of minimum (0.7 Ma) and maximum (1.45 Ma)

Date based on: Potassium-Argon See map of sites with similar ages

Dating reference: de la Torre (2011). The Early Stone Age lithic assemblages of Gadeb (Ethiopia) and the Developed Oldowan/early Acheulean in East Africa. Journal of human evolution.


Archaeology:Acheulean  Developed Oldowan  Possible fire  

Important specimens: Very large collection of lithics with abundant handaxes. Claims of fire (Bellmo 1993 & James 1989) based on burned rocks, Hippo butchery

Notes: Large collection flooded in 1980?s

Location: southeast rift margin, Upper Webi Shebele Basin , Ethiopia
Map location/coordinates reference: The Webi Shebele Gorge was dammed in the 1980?s, flodding some of Desmond Clark?s 1970?s excavations at Gadeb, but de la Torre (2011) reports that some sediments remain exposed. See de la Torre (2011). The Early Stone Age lithic assemblages of Gadeb (Ethiopia) and the Developed Oldowan/early Acheulean in East Africa. Journal of human evolution.

Key references:   Clark, J. D., & Kurashina, H. (1980). New Plio-Pleistocene Archaeological Occurences from the Plain of Gadeb, Upper Webi Shebele Basin, Ethiopia, and a Statistical Comparison of the Gadeb Sites with other Early Stone Age Assemblages in Homo Erectus and his Time. Contributions to the origin of Man and his Cultural Development. Vol. 1. , Clark, J. D. (1987). Transitions: Homo erectus and the Acheulian: the Ethiopian sites of Gadeb and the Middle Awash* 1. Journal of Human Evolution, 16(7-8), 809-826. , Clark, J. D., & Harris, J. W. K. (1985). Fire and its roles in early hominid lifeways. African Archaeological Review, 3(1), 3-27. , Bellomo, R. V. (1993). A methodological approach for identifying archaeological evidence of fire resulting from human activities. Journal of Archaeological Science, 20(5), 525-553.; James, S. R., Dennell, R. W., Gilbert, A. S., Lewis, H. T., Gowlett, J. A. J., Lynch, T. F., et al. (1989). Hominid Use of Fire in the Lower and Middle Pleistocene: A Review of the Evidence [and Comments and Replies]. Current Anthropology, 30(1), 1-26. presents precise geographic locations and current best date estimates for late Miocene, Pliocene, and Pleistocene sites with human ancestor (hominin) fossils and archaeology. Several interactive visual interfaces allow users to generate maps and tables that relate localities, fossils, tools, and evolutioanry events with geography and time. The data content is dynamic and is updated daily, as are new interface features. This site started as a course syllabus for Anthropology 3101: Human Evolution 2 at California State University, East Bay, and grew with each quarter it was used. Now has over 200 sites and hundreds of bibliographic citations. Check back often for updates. human evolution database paleoanthropology biological anthropology database physical anthropology human origins coordinates site locations location latitude longitude age Pleistocene database Quaternary database Pliocene Holocene evolutionary history site database geochronology hominin hominidae hominid hominini acheulean oldowan middle stone age mousterian paleolithic late stone age neolithic hominin database hominin DB hominin darabase hominin dayabase hominin datavase hominid darabase hominid dayabase hominid datavase hominid database hominid fossil database human origins database hominin database hominin fossil database hominid skull human ancestor database fossil human ancestors best paleoanthropology site best paleoanthropology database best hominin database best hominid database hominin site database hominid site database coordinates map hominid site map hominin site map paleoanthropology site coordinates human evolution database human origins database fossil record database