Immediate Ancestors of Homo sapiens and Ante-Diaspora Homo sapiens

From 500,000-200,000 years ago our species emerges from advanced Homo in Africa. Human genetics point to a common ancestral population at somewhere between 150,000 and 250,000 years ago for all humans. The crania of our African ancestors become clearly distinguishable from the Eurasian neanderthal forms by about 200,000 years ago, and modern behaviors, like ochre use for pigments, begin around this time. At first, Homo sapiens is restricted to Africa, but by about 100,000 years ago, some humans cross into Eurasia.

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