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Approximate age:485,000 years old=average of minimum (0.35 Ma) and maximum (0.62 Ma)

Date based on: various See map of sites with similar ages

Dating reference: Liu, W., Zhang, Y., & Wu, X. (2005). Middle Pleistocene human cranium from Tangshan (Nanjing), Southeast China: A new reconstruction and comparisons with Homo erectus from Eurasia and Africa. American journal of physical anthropology, 127(3), 253-262. ; Zhisheng, A. (1997). Environmental Changes of the Yangtze River Delta since 200 KaPB with Special Reference to Climatic Background of the Tang Shan Fauna, Nanjing*.

Hominids: Homo erectus      

Archaeology:      

Important specimens: Nanjing 1, Nanjing 2 (partial crania), teeth

Notes: Middle Pleistocene Human Cranium From Tangshan (Nanjing), Southeast China: A New Reconstruction and Comparisons With Homo erectus From Eurasia and Africa Wu Liu,* Yinyun Zhang, and Xinzhi Wu The morphology and affinities of early and middle Pleistocene Homo erectus in East Asia have been explored since the late nineteenth century. A fragmentary hominid cranium (Nanjing no.1) recovered in Tangshan near Nanjing, China bears directly on these issues. In the present study, the morphological features of Nanjing no.1 are described and compared with Homo erectus from both Eurasia and Africa. Our results indicate that this middle Pleistocene hominid fossil should be referred to as Homo erectus. The sharing of typical Homo erectus features with African and European counterparts demonstrates that Homo erectus is a widely distributed lineage that evolved during the million years after its Pliocene origins. The differences between Nanjing no.1 and Zhoukoudian suggest certain level of regional variation in East Asian Homo erectus. Am J Phys Anthropol 127:253?262, 2005.

Location: Calabash Cave, Tangshan hills, east of Nanjing, China, China
Map location/coordinates reference: Zhisheng, A. (1997). Environmental Changes of the Yangtze River Delta since 200 KaPB with Special Reference to Climatic Background of the Tang Shan Fauna, Nanjing*.

Key references: Liu, W., Zhang, Y., & Wu, X. (2005). Middle Pleistocene human cranium from Tangshan (Nanjing), Southeast China: A new reconstruction and comparisons with Homo erectus from Eurasia and Africa. American journal of physical anthropology, 127(3), 253-262.   

Fossilized.org presents precise geographic locations and current best date estimates for late Miocene, Pliocene, and Pleistocene sites with human ancestor (hominin) fossils and archaeology. Several interactive visual interfaces allow users to generate maps and tables that relate localities, fossils, tools, and evolutioanry events with geography and time. The data content is dynamic and is updated daily, as are new interface features. This site started as a course syllabus for Anthropology 3101: Human Evolution 2 at California State University, East Bay, and grew with each quarter it was used. Now fossilized.org has over 200 sites and hundreds of bibliographic citations. Check back often for updates. human evolution database paleoanthropology biological anthropology database physical anthropology human origins coordinates site locations location latitude longitude age Pleistocene database Quaternary database Pliocene Holocene evolutionary history site database geochronology hominin hominidae hominid hominini acheulean oldowan middle stone age mousterian paleolithic late stone age neolithic hominin database hominin DB hominin darabase hominin dayabase hominin datavase hominid darabase hominid dayabase hominid datavase hominid database hominid fossil database human origins database hominin database hominin fossil database hominid skull human ancestor database fossil human ancestors best paleoanthropology site best paleoanthropology database best hominin database best hominid database hominin site database hominid site database coordinates map hominid site map hominin site map paleoanthropology site coordinates human evolution database human origins database fossil record database