History of Prehistory
 Geochronological timescale
 Hominin Species Names
 Site List

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Sites with age ranges that overlap or fall within the period from
Ma     Ma  Keyword search: INSTRUCTIONS
~7,700 years old          
Locality: Wonderwerk Cave; Major Unit 1 (Exc. 1 1-4d; Exc. 1 1; Exc. 3 1; Exc 5. 1), Kuruman Hills, situated between Danielskuil and Kuruman in the Northern Cape Province, South Africa

(age between 0.0125 Ma and 0.0029 Ma based on Radiocarbon and U-series)
~17,750 years old          
Locality: Lukenya Hill GvJm-16; GvJm-22; GvJm-46, Machakos area ~ 30 km southeast of Nairobi., Kenya

(age between 0.0185 Ma and 0.017 Ma based on "C14 dating of collagen in bones of associated fauna. Al: c. 17,800 BP(5-UCLA-LJ) on basis of amino acid (aspartic acid) dating of hominid parietal. R.Protsch 1975: 315. R.M.Gramly and G.P.Rightmire 1973.M:Lukenya Hill 1. adult male?: frontale, lt parietale."Akazawa Takeru 2007 Catalog of Fossil Hominids)
~26,500 years old          
Locality: Cova Gran Upper Paleolithic levels, south-eastern Pyrenees in Catalonia, Spain

(age between 0.032 Ma and 0.021 Ma based on Radiocarbon)
~27,500 years old          
Locality: Cro-Magnon, Dordogne, France

(age between 0.028 Ma and 0.027 Ma based on Radiocarbon)
~28,500 years old          
Locality: Mladec, (Mladeç), Moravia, Czech Republic

(age between 0.031 Ma and 0.026 Ma based on Radiocarbon)
~32,500 years old          
Locality: Vindija Cave G1, Silvarsko, Croatia

(age between 0.033 Ma and 0.032 Ma based on Radiocarbon)
~35,000 years old          
Locality: Grimaldi, (Balzi Rossi: Grotta del Conte Costantini, Grotta dei Fanciulli, Grotta dei Fanciulli, Grotta di Florestano, Riparo Mochi shelter Mochi, Grotta del Caviglione, Cave of Caviglione, Barma Grande, Barma Grande, Grotta del Principe, Grotta del Principe), Liguria , Italy

(age between 0.04 Ma and 0.03 Ma based on Radiocarbon)
~36,000 years old          
Locality: Saint-Cesaire, (Saint Césaire) Dordogne Valley, France

(age between 0.036 Ma and 0.036 Ma based on TL)
~41,000 years old          
Locality: Laibin, Guangxi, China

(age between 0.044 Ma and 0.038 Ma based on U-series)
~41,000 years old          
Locality: Lakonis, Mani, southern Peloponnese, Greece

(age between 0.044 Ma and 0.038 Ma based on C14)
~50,500 years old          
Locality: Taramsan, Nile Valley, Egypt

(age between 0.051 Ma and 0.05 Ma based on )
~55,000 years old          
Locality: Loyangalani (Tanzania), east of Lake Victoria, Tanzania

(age between 0.1 Ma and 0.01 Ma based on unspecified)
~62,500 years old          
Locality: Klasies River Mouth HP deposits, HP deposits, South Africa

(age between 0.065 Ma and 0.06 Ma based on ESR, TL, ESL)
~70,000 years old          
Locality: Obi-Rakhmat Grotto, near Tashkent, Uzbekistan

(age between 0.1 Ma and 0.04 Ma based on Various including U series)
~73,000 years old          
Locality: Blombos M1 level, M1 level, South Africa

(age between 0.076 Ma and 0.07 Ma based on Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL))
~99,000 years old          
Locality: Blombos M3 level, M3 level, South Africa

(age between 0.104 Ma and 0.094 Ma based on Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL))
~100,000 years old          
Locality: Adrar Bous, Tenere Desert, Niger

(age between 0.15 Ma and 0.05 Ma based on Guess based on dated sites that seem to have occurred in the same period of lake formation in the area. H. Gilbert reduced the upper (younger) age by another 25,000 years because the estimate was very crude, and possibly an overestimate.)
~118,000 years old          
Locality: Sodmein Cave, Red Sea Mountains, Egypt

(age between 0.127 Ma and 0.109 Ma based on Thermoluminescence dating of burned artifacts)
~120,000 years old          
Locality: Haua Fteah, (Great Cave), Libya

(age between 0.15 Ma and 0.090 Ma based on TL, OSL, MSA artifacts)
~300,000 years old          
Locality: Loyangalani (Kenya), southeastern coast of Lake Turkana, Kenya

(age between 0.50 Ma and 0.1 Ma based on data unavailable)
~395,000 years old          
Locality: Kapthurin GnJh-03; GnJh-23; BK63-67; BK8518; KAP-15; KAP-23;, Kapthurin, upper K3 and K4 localities (Trachytic tuff, 'upper' basaltic tuff, MBTU, 'lower' basaltic tuff, upper part of K3 sediments), Kapthurin Formation, Kenya

(age between 0.518 Ma and 0.272 Ma based on Ar-Ar)
~409,500 years old          
Locality: Kapthurin GnJh-50; GnJh-41; GnJh-42, Kapthurin, upper K3 and K4 localities (Trachytic tuff, 'upper' basaltic tuff, MBTU, 'lower' basaltic tuff, upper part of K3 sediments), Kapthurin Formation, Kenya

(age between 0.547 Ma and 0.272 Ma based on Ar-Ar)

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Human Fossil Record by Henry Gilbert is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
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tool icon legend mode 5 hot sybol hot spot mode 4 hot spot fire hot spot mode 3 hot spot mode 2 hot spot mode 1 hot spot presents precise geographic locations and current best date estimates for late Miocene, Pliocene, and Pleistocene sites with human ancestor (hominin) fossils and archaeology. Several interactive visual interfaces allow users to generate maps and tables that relate localities, fossils, tools, and evolutioanry events with geography and time. The data content is dynamic and is updated daily, as are new interface features. This site started as a course syllabus for Anthropology 3101: Human Evolution 2 at California State University, East Bay, and grew with each quarter it was used. Now has over 200 sites and hundreds of bibliographic citations. Check back often for updates. human evolution database paleoanthropology biological anthropology database physical anthropology human origins coordinates site locations location latitude longitude age Pleistocene database Quaternary database Pliocene Holocene evolutionary history site database geochronology hominin hominidae hominid hominini acheulean oldowan middle stone age mousterian paleolithic late stone age neolithic hominin database hominin DB hominin darabase hominin dayabase hominin datavase hominid darabase hominid dayabase hominid datavase hominid database hominid fossil database human origins database hominin database hominin fossil database hominid skull human ancestor database fossil human ancestors best paleoanthropology site best paleoanthropology database best hominin database best hominid database hominin site database hominid site database coordinates map hominid site map hominin site map paleoanthropology site coordinates human evolution database human origins database fossil record database