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Sites with age ranges that overlap or fall within the period from
Ma     Ma  Keyword search: INSTRUCTIONS
~28,500 years old          
Locality: Gorhams Cave Mousterian, Level IV, southern face of Rock, Gibralter

(age between 0.033 Ma and 0.024 Ma based on radiocarbon on charcoal)
~31,500 years old          
Locality: Zafarraya Cave I [3-7], Sierra de Alhama, Spain

(age between 0.033 Ma and 0.03 Ma based on Radiocarbon)
~32,500 years old          
Locality: Vindija Cave G1, Silvarsko, Croatia

(age between 0.033 Ma and 0.032 Ma based on Radiocarbon)
~33,555 years old          
Locality: Fontechevade, Charente, France

(age between 0.034130 Ma and 0.032980 Ma based on Radiocarbon)
~35,000 years old          
Locality: Cova Gran Mousterian levels, south-eastern Pyrenees in Catalonia , Spain

(age between 0.038 Ma and 0.032 Ma based on Radiocarbon)
~36,000 years old          
Locality: Spy, Jemeppe-sur-Sambre, Province of Namur, Belgium

(age between 0.036 Ma and 0.036 Ma based on Radiocarbon)
~36,000 years old          
Locality: Saint-Cesaire, (Saint Césaire) Dordogne Valley, France

(age between 0.036 Ma and 0.036 Ma based on TL)
~40,000 years old          
Locality: Devil's Tower, north face of Rock, Gibralter

(age between 0.06 Ma and 0.02 Ma based on rough stratigraphic relationship to dated Vanguard and Gorham caves, also on Gibralter)
~40,500 years old          
Locality: Denisova Cave, Altai Mountains, southern Siberia, Russia

(age between 0.046 Ma and 0.035 Ma based on )
~41,000 years old          
Locality: Lakonis, Mani, southern Peloponnese, Greece

(age between 0.044 Ma and 0.038 Ma based on C14)
~43,500 years old          
Locality: Grotta di Fumane, Fumane Cave, Lessini Hills, north of Verona, Italy

(age between 0.0448 Ma and 0.0422 Ma based on Radiocarbon, ESR)
~43,621 years old          
Locality: El Sidron, Galería del Osario, El Sidrón Cave, Asturias, Spain

(age between 0.045288 Ma and 0.041953 Ma based on Radiocarbon)
~44,250 years old          
Locality: Les Rochers-de-Villeneuve, Lussac-les-Ch?teaux, Vienne, France

(age between 0.045 Ma and 0.0435 Ma based on Radiocarbon)
~45,000 years old          
Locality: Kebara, Mount Carmel, Israel

(age between 0.049 Ma and 0.041 Ma based on Radiocarbon)
~49,000 years old          
Locality: Shanidar, Kurdistan, Iraq

(age between 0.051 Ma and 0.047 Ma based on Radiocarbon)
~49,500 years old          
Locality: Mugharet el Aliya or Caves of Hercules, Cap Ashakar, Morocco

(age between 0.06 Ma and 0.039 Ma based on ESR, Biochron)
~50,000 years old          
Locality: La Ferrassie, Dordogne Valley, France

(age between 0.07 Ma and 0.03 Ma based on various methods)
~50,000 years old          
Locality: Le Moustier, Dordogne Valley, France

(age between 0.07 Ma and 0.03 Ma based on )
~50,000 years old          
Locality: La Chapelle-aux-saints, Dordogne Valley, France

(age between 0.07 Ma and 0.03 Ma based on )
~50,000 years old          
Locality: La Quina, Dordogne Valley, France

(age between 0.07 Ma and 0.03 Ma based on )
~50,000 years old          
Locality: La Naulette, Furfooz, Belgium

(age between 0.08 Ma and 0.02 Ma based on Faunal and lithological correlation to the last ice age (Pleniglacial))
~50,500 years old          
Locality: Taramsan, Nile Valley, Egypt

(age between 0.051 Ma and 0.05 Ma based on )
~50,900 years old          
Locality: Vanguard Cave units, southern face of Rock, Gibralter

(age between 0.06 Ma and 0.0418 Ma based on radiocarbon)
~52,500 years old          
Locality: Mezmaiskaya3d, northwest Caucasus mountains, Russia

(age between 0.070 Ma and 0.035 Ma based on )
~55,000 years old          
Locality: Loyangalani (Tanzania), east of Lake Victoria, Tanzania

(age between 0.1 Ma and 0.01 Ma based on unspecified)
~55,000 years old          
Locality: Abric Romani Mousterian, Capellades, Spain

(age between 0.070 Ma and 0.040 Ma based on U/Th)
~56,000 years old          
Locality: Salzgitter Lebenstedt, southeast Lower Saxony, Germany

(age between 0.058 Ma and 0.054 Ma based on c14 and OIS correlation)
~60,000 years old          
Locality: Amud, Wadi Amud, Hokuk, near Sea of Galili, Israel

(age between 0.07 Ma and 0.05 Ma based on TL)
~62,500 years old          
Locality: Klasies River Mouth HP deposits, HP deposits, South Africa

(age between 0.065 Ma and 0.06 Ma based on ESR, TL, ESL)
~70,000 years old          
Locality: Sibudu Cave Howiesons Poort layers, Sibudu Cave, South Africa

(age between 0.08 Ma and 0.06 Ma based on )
~70,000 years old          
Locality: Obi-Rakhmat Grotto, near Tashkent, Uzbekistan

(age between 0.1 Ma and 0.04 Ma based on Various including U series)
~70,250 years old          
Locality: Porc Epic, near Dire Dawa, Chercher Highlands, Harar Plateau, Ethiopia

(age between 0.080 Ma and 0.0605 Ma based on Obsidian hydration)
~74,000 years old          
Locality: Jwalapuram, Jwalapuram Locality 3, volcanic ash quarry, Jwalapuram village area, south of Jurreru River, Jurreru Valley, , India

(age between 0.0741 Ma and 0.0739 Ma based on Youngest Toba Tuff (YTT) well dated at 74 ka)
~75,000 years old          
Locality: Kalambo Falls Sangoan unit, Sangoan unit, Zambia, Tanzania

(age between 0.085 Ma and 0.065 Ma based on U-series)
~82,000 years old          
Locality: Blombos M2 level, M2 level, South Africa

(age between 0.09 Ma and 0.074 Ma based on Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL))
~87,050 years old          
Locality: Krapina, Krapina Village, Croatia

(age between 0.0871 Ma and 0.087 Ma based on 230Th/U date and ESR on teeth\n)
~90,000 years old          
Locality: Bir Sahara, Sahara, Egypt

(age between 0.11 Ma and 0.07 Ma based on TL and optical dates)
~95,000 years old          
Locality: Qafzeh, Southeastern Nazareth, Israel

(age between 0.1 Ma and 0.09 Ma based on TL)
~100,000 years old          
Locality: Adrar Bous, Tenere Desert, Niger

(age between 0.15 Ma and 0.05 Ma based on Guess based on dated sites that seem to have occurred in the same period of lake formation in the area. H. Gilbert reduced the upper (younger) age by another 25,000 years because the estimate was very crude, and possibly an overestimate.)
~106,000 years old          
Locality: Moula Guecy, Rhône river valley, France

(age between 0.140 Ma and 0.072 Ma based on Thermoluminescence and biostratigraphy)
~110,000 years old          
Locality: Scladina, Grotte Scladina, Parc National de Furfooz, Meuse Basin, Belgium

(age between 0.160 Ma and 0.060 Ma based on 230Th/U data correlated to the marine oxygen isotopic record and magnetic susceptibility (MS) )
~110,000 years old          
Locality: Bir Tarfawi, Sahara, Egypt

(age between 0.14 Ma and 0.08 Ma based on TL and optical dates)
~112,500 years old          
Locality: Jebel Faya, ~55 km from both the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf and directly south of the Straits of Hormuz; جبل الفاية , United Arab Emirates

(age between 0.143 Ma and 0.082 Ma based on OSL)
~115,000 years old          
Locality: Dar-es-Soltane, Maghreb region, Morocco

(age between 0.15 Ma and 0.08 Ma based on OSL)
~115,000 years old          
Locality: Saccopastore, vallée de l'Anienne (northeast Rome), Italy

(age between 0.13 Ma and 0.1 Ma based on Marine Oxegen Isotope Stage (OIS) correlation)
~115,500 years old          
Locality: Border Cave, Lebombo Mountains, South Africa

(age between 0.17 Ma and 0.061 Ma based on ESR, but some proveniece problems)
~117,000 years old          
Locality: Skhul, ain Ghazal, Israel

(age between 0.134 Ma and 0.1 Ma based on ESR, U-series)
~118,000 years old          
Locality: Sodmein Cave, Red Sea Mountains, Egypt

(age between 0.127 Ma and 0.109 Ma based on Thermoluminescence dating of burned artifacts)
~120,000 years old          
Locality: Haua Fteah, (Great Cave), Libya

(age between 0.15 Ma and 0.090 Ma based on TL, OSL, MSA artifacts)
~127,500 years old          
Locality: Stajnia Cave, Grzeda Mirowska, North of the Carpathian Mountains, southern Poland, Poland

(age between 0.175 Ma and 0.08 Ma based on biochronological correlation with OIS 5 or late OIS 6)
~142,000 years old          
Locality: Pinnacle Point, Mossel Bay, South Africa

(age between 0.164 Ma and 0.120 Ma based on OSL)
~142,500 years old          
Locality: Narmada, Boulder Conglomerate (Surajkund Formation), Hathnora, Narmada Basin, India

(age between 0.236 Ma and 0.049 Ma based on ESR, U-series, and significant guesswork)
~143,500 years old          
Locality: Einhornhohle, (Unicorn Cave), Scharzfeld, Germany

(age between 0.192 Ma and 0.095 Ma based on 230Th/U)
~145,000 years old          
Locality: Omo Kibish, Kibish Formation, Ethiopia

(age between 0.19 Ma and 0.1 Ma based on K-Ar)
~157,000 years old          
Locality: Middle Awash Herto Member, Middle Awash area, Bouri Formation, Ethiopia

(age between 0.16 Ma and 0.154 Ma based on K-Ar)
~160,000 years old          
Locality: Jebel Irhoud, near Sidi Moktar, about 100 km west of Marrakesh, Morocco

(age between 0.176 Ma and 0.144 Ma based on U-series/ESR)
~160,500 years old          
Locality: Wonderwerk Cave; Major Unit 2 (Exc. 2 2a 2b; Exc. 3 2 & 3; Exc. 5 2; Exc 6. 3UP; Exc. 7 Spits), Kuruman Hills, situated between Danielskuil and Kuruman in the Northern Cape Province, South Africa

(age between 0.234 Ma and 0.087 Ma based on U-series)
~215,000 years old          
Locality: Becov 1 (Bečov; Beçov), Northwest of Prague in Bohemian Uplands, Czechoslovakia

(age between 0.22 Ma and 0.21 Ma based on Correlation with OIS 7)
~225,000 years old          
Locality: Cave of Hearths Bed 6-9, Makapansgat, northern Transvaal, South Africa

(age between 0.400 Ma and 0.050 Ma based on Inferred from surrounding dated units)
~225,000 years old          
Locality: Cave of Hearths Bed 5, Makapansgat, northern Transvaal, South Africa

(age between 0.400 Ma and 0.050 Ma based on Inferred from surrounding dated units)
~226,000 years old          
Locality: Biache-Saint-Vaast, Pas-de-Calais, France

(age between 0.290 Ma and 0.162 Ma based on TL, ESR, MIS 7 )
~237,500 years old          
Locality: Kabwe or Broken Hill, Central Province, Zambia

(age between 0.3 Ma and 0.175 Ma based on unspecified)
~245,500 years old          
Locality: Gademotta, Lake Ziway area, Ethiopia

(age between 0.298 Ma and 0.193 Ma based on Ar-Ar)
~254,000 years old          
Locality: Florisbad, near Soutpan, South Africa

(age between 0.294 Ma and 0.214 Ma based on ESR on tooth in deposit (is it the same age as the cranium?))
~270,500 years old          
Locality: Ileret (Upper Ileret), Upper Ileret, Lake Turkana area, Kenya

(age between 0.271 Ma and 0.27 Ma based on gamma-ray spectrometry)
~280,000 years old          
Locality: Wonderwerk Cave; Major Unit 3 (Late Fauresmith: Exc.1 5a 5b; Exc. 2 3 4a-e; Exc. 3 4?6; Exc. 4 4; Exc. 6 3LR 4), Kuruman Hills, situated between Danielskuil and Kuruman in the Northern Cape Province, South Africa

(age between 0.315 Ma and 0.245 Ma based on U-series)
~290,000 years old          
Locality: Kathu Pan 1 Stratum 4, Northern Cape, South Africa

(age between 0.334 Ma and 0.246 Ma based on )
~291,000 years old          
Locality: Qesem Cave, RoshHa'ayin, near Tel Aviv, Israel

(age between 0.382 Ma and 0.2 Ma based on U series)
~300,000 years old          
Locality: Loyangalani (Kenya), southeastern coast of Lake Turkana, Kenya

(age between 0.50 Ma and 0.1 Ma based on data unavailable)
~315,000 years old          
Locality: Ngaloba, near Laetoli, Tanzania

(age between 0.5 Ma and 0.13 Ma based on U-Th, Ar-Ar)
~390,000 years old          
Locality: Sidi Abderrahman, Casablanca; Sidi Abderrahmanne), near Casablanca, Morocco, Morocco

(age between 0.42 Ma and 0.36 Ma based on Although numerous methods have been attempted, damage to site has made it impossible to be sure of a date)
~395,000 years old          
Locality: Kapthurin GnJh-03; GnJh-23; BK63-67; BK8518; KAP-15; KAP-23;, Kapthurin, upper K3 and K4 localities (Trachytic tuff, 'upper' basaltic tuff, MBTU, 'lower' basaltic tuff, upper part of K3 sediments), Kapthurin Formation, Kenya

(age between 0.518 Ma and 0.272 Ma based on Ar-Ar)
~395,000 years old          
Locality: Jebel Barakah, coastline between Jebel Dhannah and the Qatar peninsula, Abu Dhabi

(age between 0.780 Ma and 0.010 Ma based on stratigraphic position and geomorphology)
~409,500 years old          
Locality: Kapthurin GnJh-50; GnJh-41; GnJh-42, Kapthurin, upper K3 and K4 localities (Trachytic tuff, 'upper' basaltic tuff, MBTU, 'lower' basaltic tuff, upper part of K3 sediments), Kapthurin Formation, Kenya

(age between 0.547 Ma and 0.272 Ma based on Ar-Ar)
~409,500 years old          
Locality: Kapthurin GnJh-15, Kapthurin, upper K3, just below K4, Kenya

(age between 0.547 Ma and 0.272 Ma based on Ar-Ar)
~450,000 years old          
Locality: Saint-Acheul, Amiens (nappe de Freville; nappe de la Garenne; nappe de l'Epinette; Saint-Acheul; Cagny-Cimetiere; Cagny-la Garenne 1; Cagny-la Garenne 2; Cagny-Ferme de l'Epinette; Cagny-l'Epinett ), France

(age between 0.8 Ma and 0.1 Ma based on ESR, U-Series, Paleomag)
~452,500 years old          
Locality: Tan Tan, Draa River north of town of Tan Tan (incorrect location decribed by Bednarik, 2003), Morocco

(age between 0.78 Ma and 0.125 Ma based on Archaeology)
~453,000 years old          
Locality: Zuttiyeh Cave, Wadi Amud, Hokuk , Israel

(age between 0.78 Ma and 0.126 Ma based on unspecified)
~495,000 years old          
Locality: Wonderwerk Cave; Major Unit 4 (Middle Fauresmith: Exc. 1 6 7a 7b; Exc. 2 5), Kuruman Hills, situated between Danielskuil and Kuruman in the Northern Cape Province, South Africa

(age between 0.510 Ma and 0.480 Ma based on Inferred from surrounding dated units)
~547,500 years old          
Locality: Kathu Pan 1 Stratum 3, Northern Cape, South Africa

(age between 0.680 Ma and 0.415 Ma based on OSL, U-series, ESR)
~750,000 years old          
Locality: Mount Pua (Mt. Pua), Central Dishon Valley, Upper Galilee, Israel

(age between 1.5 Ma and 0 Ma based on nothing)
~1,175,000 years old          
Locality: Bapaume , Brittany, France

(age between 0.35 Ma and 2 Ma based on Correlation to OIS stages)

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Human Fossil Record by Henry Gilbert is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://www.fossilized.org/

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Fossilized.org presents precise geographic locations and current best date estimates for late Miocene, Pliocene, and Pleistocene sites with human ancestor (hominin) fossils and archaeology. Several interactive visual interfaces allow users to generate maps and tables that relate localities, fossils, tools, and evolutioanry events with geography and time. The data content is dynamic and is updated daily, as are new interface features. This site started as a course syllabus for Anthropology 3101: Human Evolution 2 at California State University, East Bay, and grew with each quarter it was used. Now fossilized.org has over 200 sites and hundreds of bibliographic citations. Check back often for updates. human evolution database paleoanthropology biological anthropology database physical anthropology human origins coordinates site locations location latitude longitude age Pleistocene database Quaternary database Pliocene Holocene evolutionary history site database geochronology hominin hominidae hominid hominini acheulean oldowan middle stone age mousterian paleolithic late stone age neolithic hominin database hominin DB hominin darabase hominin dayabase hominin datavase hominid darabase hominid dayabase hominid datavase hominid database hominid fossil database human origins database hominin database hominin fossil database hominid skull human ancestor database fossil human ancestors best paleoanthropology site best paleoanthropology database best hominin database best hominid database hominin site database hominid site database coordinates map hominid site map hominin site map paleoanthropology site coordinates human evolution database human origins database fossil record database